What is Title IX?
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (“Title IX”) prohibits sex discrimination in education including:
- Sexual harassment and sexual assault;
- Stalking and relationship violence;
- Discrimination against pregnant and parenting students, faculty, and staff;
- Discrimination preventing equal opportunity in sports.
Title IX protects all individuals from sex-based discrimination, regardless of their real or perceived sex, gender identity, and/or gender expression. Female, male, and gender non-conforming students, faculty, and staff are protected from any sex-based discrimination, harassment or violence.* “Title IX also prohibits gender-based harassment, which may include acts of verbal, nonverbal, or physical aggression, intimidation, or hostility based on sex or sex-stereotyping, even if those acts do not involve conduct of a sexual nature. (2011, Department of Education, Dear Colleague Letter, page 3).”
Ramapo College is committed to preventing discrimination and taking immediate steps to address any type of sex discrimination, sexual harassment or sexual violence on campus. Title IX applies to students, staff, faculty, visitors (including children) and business vendors at the College, and to sex discrimination or sexual violence which occurs on campus, at College-sponsored events and programs held off-campus; or that may adversely affect the educational environment for members of the College.
*Source: Language adapted from the Know Your IX “9 Things to Know About Title IX” Resource Page.
What does the Director of Title IX/Title IX Coordinator do?
The Director of Title IX, also known as the Title IX Coordinator, is responsible for the prevention of sexual harassment, violence, and discrimination. The Director of Title IX is responsible for monitoring the overall implementation of Title IX for the College and coordinating compliance efforts. The Director of Title IX serves as an agent for the College and is responsible for managing grievances, investigations, and the disposition of complaints of sexual harassment, violence, and discrimination.
The Director helps to ensure that the students, staff, administrators, and faculty are trained and educated about Title IX (sexual harassment/sexual violence). The Director of Title IX reports to the Chief Equity and Diversity Officer of the College. By March 1st, of each calendar year, the Director of Title IX prepares an annual report (sans information that identifies individuals) to the Chief Equity and Diversity Officer, the President and the Board of Trustees concerning reported incidents of sexual harassment.
Who is the College’s Director of Title IX/Title IX Coordinator?
Kat McGee, J.D.
Director of Title IX, ADA and Compliance Training
Does Title IX only apply to women? No, Title IX protects both men and women, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identification.
Examples of sex-based discrimination (applies to those who have experienced or have witnessed discrimination/harassment):
- Sexual harassment (including stalking and cyber-harassment);
- Sexual violence (such as rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, domestic violence, dating violence and sexual coercion) including occurring in connection with any academic, athletic, extracurricular, co-curricular, or any other college program (irrespective of the program’s location);
- Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature;
- Decisions made by a member of the faculty or staff (such as grading) that are based on the student’s sex or gender;
- Failure to provide equal opportunity for participation in athletics, sports, and recreation.
What role does the College have in addressing sexual harassment and sexual violence? The College must respond promptly and effectively to all allegations. If the College knows, or reasonably should know about sexual harassment or sexual violence, the College is required to take prompt action in order to stop the actions and prevent a recurrence. Simply stated, if the College is aware of an allegation, the College must take immediate actions – even if the individual reporting the matter has requested that the College not take any action.
Who is required to report sex discrimination or sexual violence to the Title IX Coordinator? As clarified by the Montana Resolution Agreement between the Office of Civil Rights and the Department of Justice (May, 2013), responsible employees (except for health-care professionals and any other individuals who are statutorily prohibited from reporting) are required to report incidents of sex-based harassment or sexual violence that they are aware of that they are aware of, regardless of whether the victim or informant has requested confidentiality. All faculty and staff who learn of incidents of sexual assault, stalking, domestic violence or dating violence MUST report it to the Title IX Coordinator within 24 hours (unless the employee is a designated confidential resource such as a counselor in the Counseling Services, medical professional in Health Services, or a recognized clergy person acting in the role of a pastoral counselor.)
So, I filed a complaint, now what? The Title IX Coordinator will launch a fair, prompt, and impartial investigation. The investigation will determine whether a violation of Title IX or another College Nondiscrimination Policy did (or did not) take place.
If I am the victim of sexual harassment or sexual violence, can my identity be kept confidential while my complaint is investigated? When possible, the Title IX Coordinator will keep the identity of an unwilling victim or witness confidential. However, confidentiality cannot be guaranteed as the Title IX Coordinator must balance a request for confidentiality against the safety of other members in our community. If the Title IX Coordinator determines that there is the threat of imminent or ongoing harm to an individual or to the community, information may need to be shared and then only with appropriate individuals. If the Complainant reports to the College and requests confidentiality or asks that the report not be pursued, the College will take all reasonable steps to investigate and respond to the report consistent with the request for confidentiality or request not to pursue an investigation. If a Complainant insists that his/her name or other identifiable information not be disclosed to the Respondent, the College’s ability to respond may be limited. If the Complainant continues to ask that his or her name not be revealed, the College will take all reasonable steps to investigate and respond to the report consistent with the respondent’s request as long as doing so does not prevent the College from responding effectively to the harassment and preventing harassment of other members of the College community. The Title IX Coordinator will evaluate the confidentiality request in the context of its responsibility to provide a safe and nondiscriminatory environment for all persons. If the Title IX Coordinator determines that circumstances do not allow a request for confidentiality to be granted the College will take action as appropriate. It is a violation of the College policy to retaliate against an individual who reports sexual misconduct, is a Complainant in an investigation, serves as a witness, or is a third party involved in the investigation of such a report.
Additionally, personal identifiable information will be treated as confidential and only shared with persons who have a specific need to know and who are investigating/adjudicating the report or delivering resources or support services. Further, the College will maintain as confidential, any accommodations or protective measures provided to the Complainant to the extent that maintaining such confidentiality would not impair the College’s ability to provide such accommodations or protective measures.
If I am a victim of sex discrimination under Title IX, can the College require my participation in an informal dispute resolution meeting (such as a mediation) with the Accused? No. Federal guidance under Title IX prohibits the College from asking or requiring any victim of sexual assault to participate in any informal dispute resolution or mediation with the Accused. A student who complains of sexual harassment or sex discrimination (but not alleging sexual assault) may voluntarily agree to participate in mediation with the Accused, but only if the mediation meeting is conducted by a trained counselor, mediator or other representative of the College.
Are victims of sexual assault and domestic violence afforded special protection and support services when filing complaints with the College? Yes. In addition to Title IX, federal and state laws and College policies provide special rights, protections and support to campus victims of sexual assault and/or domestic violence.
Sexual Assault Victim’s Bill of Rights (located in the Student Handbook):
Sexual Misconduct Policy Governing Students (located in the Student Handbook):
Center for Health and Counseling Services: