What is Title IX?
Title IX of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark civil rights law. Title IX prohibits sex discrimination in education including:
• Sexual harassment and sexual assault;
• Stalking and relationship violence;
• Discrimination against pregnant and parenting students, faculty, and staff;
• Discrimination preventing equal opportunity in sports.
Title IX protects all people from sex-based discrimination, regardless of their real or perceived sex, gender identity, and/or gender expression. Female, male, and gender non-conforming students, faculty, and staff are protected from any sex-based discrimination, harassment or violence.* “Title IX also prohibits gender-based harassment, which may include acts of verbal, nonverbal, or physical aggression, intimidation, or hostility based on sex or sex-stereotyping, even if those acts do not involve conduct of a sexual nature. (2011, Department of Education, Dear Colleague Letter, page 3).”
Ramapo College is committed to preventing discrimination and taking immediate steps to address any sex discrimination, sexual harassment or sexual violence on campus. Title IX applies to students, staff, faculty, visitors (including children) and business vendors at the College, and to sex discrimination or sexual violence which occurs on campus, at College-sponsored events and programs held off-campus; or that may adversely affect the educational environment for members of the College.
*Source: Language adapted from the Know Your IX “9 Things to Know About Title IX” Resource Page.
What does the Title IX Coordinator do?
The Title IX Coordinator is responsible for the prevention of sexual harassment, violence, and discrimination. The Coordinator is responsible for monitoring the overall implementation of Title IX for the College and coordinating compliance efforts. The Coordinator serves as an agent for the College and is responsible for managing grievances, investigations, and the disposition of complaints of sexual harassment, violence, and discrimination.
The Coordinator helps to ensure that the students, staff, administrators, and faculty are trained and educated about Title IX (sexual harassment/sexual violence). The Coordinator reports to the President of the College. By March 1st, of each calendar year, the Coordinator prepares an annual report (sans information that identifies individuals) to the President and the Board of Trustees concerning reported incidents of sexual harassment.
Who is the College’s Title IX Coordinator?
Director of Affirmative Action and Workplace Compliance / Title IX Coordinator
Does Title IX only apply to women? No, Title IX protects both men and women, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identification.
Examples of sex-based discrimination (applies to those who have experienced or have witnessed discrimination/harassment):
- Sexual harassment (including stalking and cyber-harassment);
- Sexual violence (such as rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, domestic violence, dating violence and sexual coercion) including occurring in connection with any academic, athletic, extracurricular, co-curricular, or any other college program (irrespective of the program’s location);
- Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature;
- Decisions made by a member of the faculty or staff (such as grading) that are based on the student’s sex or gender;
- Failure to provide equal opportunity for participation in athletics, sports, and recreation.
What role does the College have in addressing sexual harassment and sexual violence? The College must respond promptly and effectively to all allegations. If the College knows, or reasonably should know about sexual harassment or sexual violence, the College is required to take prompt action in order to stop the actions and prevent a recurrence. Simply stated, if the College is aware of an allegation, the College must take immediate actions – even if the individual reporting the matter has requested that the College not take any action.
Who is required to report sex discrimination or sexual violence to the Title IX Coordinator? As clarified by the Montana Resolution Agreement between the Office of Civil Rights and the Department of Justice (May, 2013), responsible employees (except for health-care professionals and any other individuals who are statutorily prohibited from reporting) are required to report incidents of sex-based harassment or sexual violence that they are aware of that they are aware of, regardless of whether the victim or informant has requested confidentiality. All faculty and staff who learn of incidents of sexual assault, stalking, domestic violence or dating violence MUST report it to the Title IX Coordinator within 24 hours (unless the employee is a designated confidential resource such as a counselor in the Counseling Services, medical professional in Health Services, or a recognized clergy person acting in the role of a pastoral counselor.)
So, I filed a complaint, now what? The Title IX Coordinator will launch a fair, prompt, and impartial investigation. The investigation will determine whether a violation of Title IX or another College nondiscrimination policy did (or did not) take place.
If I am the victim of sexual harassment or sexual violence, can my identity be kept confidential while my complaint is investigated? The College is obliged to investigate every complaint. If a witness asks that his or her name or other identifiable information not be revealed to the Accused, the College will evaluate that request in the context of the College’s responsibility to provide a safe and nondiscriminatory environment for all students, and will endeavor to maintain confidentiality in that context. However, where the Complainant insists upon confidentiality, the College may be unable to take disciplinary action against the Accused based upon the investigation. Any accused student or employee has legal rights during a College disciplinary procedure, including the right to know the identity of the witnesses and the right to be present at the hearing. A victim of sexual violence, who testifies at a College disciplinary hearing, may be afforded protection during testimony, such as testifying via conference via call or Skype from a separate location. Whether or not the College institutes disciplinary action, Title IX requires that the College take reasonable steps to protect the Complainant from the Accused, and take effective action to limit the effects of the alleged sex discrimination or sexual violence and prevent its recurrence in the educational environment.
If I am a victim of sex discrimination under Title IX, can the College require my participation in an informal dispute resolution meeting (such as a mediation) with the Accused? No. Federal guidance under Title IX prohibits the College from asking or requiring any victim of sexual assault to participate in any informal dispute resolution or mediation with the Accused. A student who complains of sexual harassment or sex discrimination (but not alleging sexual assault) may voluntarily agree to participate in mediation with the Accused, but only if the mediation meeting is conducted by a trained counselor, mediator or other representative of the College.
Are victims of sexual assault and domestic violence afforded special protection and support services when filing complaints with the College? Yes. In addition to Title IX, federal and state laws and College policies provide special rights, protections and support to campus victims of sexual assault and/or domestic violence.
Sexual Assault Victim’s Bill of Rights (located in the Student Handbook):
Sexual Misconduct Policy Governing Students (located in the Student Handbook):
Center for Health and Counseling Services: