What is the Lifetime Learning Tax Credit?
The Lifetime Learning Tax Credit is a federal income tax credit that is equivalent to 20% of the first $10,000 paid “out of pocket qualified tuition and related expenses” up to a $2,000, and non refundable (it is subtracted from the taxes you owe you cannot claim a credit for more than you owe in taxes; you cannot file a tax return solely to claim this credit).
Which students may qualify for a Lifetime Learning Tax Credit?
- are college juniors, seniors, graduate, and professional degree students, including adults returning to college;
- are enrolled in at least one course leading to a degree, certificate, or improved job skills;
- made “out of pocket payments during the tax year for qualified tuition and related expenses” for periods of enrollment occurring within the tax year or during the first three months of the subsequent tax year.
NOTE: Information about the HOPE Scholarship, which applies to students enrolled in the first two years of post-secondary education, follows below.
Am I eligible to take the Lifetime Learning Tax Credit if I take courses in a non-degree program?
Amounts that students pay for tuition and related fees may qualify for the Lifetime Learning Tax Credit even if the course is part of a non-degree program. However, the course(s) must be taken by the student to acquire or improve job skills.
What are the “Out of Pocket Payments for Qualified Tuition and Related Expenses”?
“Out of Pocket Payments for Qualified Tuition and Related Expenses” are payments made to a college for fees and tuition (not including the cost of books and supplies) and other academically related activities (not including gym, student government, health or student activities fees), minus any “untaxed educational benefit” (e.g., most grants, scholarships, fellowships, and fee waivers).
It is important to note that the new law requires all nontaxable scholarships and grants to be deducted from the qualified tuition and expenses paid, before a tax payer may claim a HOPE Scholarship or Lifetime Learning tax credit.
Who can claim a Lifetime Learning Tax Credit? Taxpayers who:
- are students not claimed as dependent on anyone else’s tax return;
- are non-students entitled to claim the student as a tax dependent;
- do not have an adjusted gross income greater than $45,000-$55,000 for single filers or $90,000-$110,000 for couples filing jointly; and
- have not already claimed more than a total of $2,000 for the Lifetime Learning tax credit in the same tax year.
What is a HOPE Scholarship?
The HOPE Scholarship is actually a federal Income tax credit that is similar to the Lifetime Learning Tax Credit described above except that it is: equivalent to 100% of the first $1,100 of out of “Out of Pocket Payments for Qualified Tuition and Related Expenses” and 50% of the second $1,100, for a maximum of $1,650.
Which students may qualify for a HOPE Scholarship?
Students who meet the standards for a Lifetime Learning tax credit and in addition:
- have not yet completed their second year in college as of the start of the tax year;
- are enrolled at least half-time during at least one quarter in the tax year; and,
- are enrolled in a course of study leading to a degree or a recognized certificate.
Who can claim a HOPE Scholarship?
Taxpayers who meet the standards for claiming a Lifetime Learning tax credit. A HOPE Scholarship is available to each qualifying student, even if there is more than one in the taxpayer’s family during the same tax year.
Can I claim both a Lifetime Learning Tax Credit and a HOPE Scholarship in one tax year?
Taxpayers cannot claim both a HOPE Scholarship and a Lifetime Learning tax credit for the same student in the same tax year. However, the two credits can be claimed simultaneously for different qualifying students in the same tax year. For example, in a family where two children are in college simultaneously, one student may qualify for the HOPE Scholarship while the other may qualify for the Lifetime Learning tax credit. In such a case, the parents (taxpayers) may claim both a HOPE Scholarship and a Lifetime Learning tax credit on their tax form.
How will I know how much I have paid in “Out of Pocket” qualified tuition and related expenses each year?
If, based on the information available to us, you have made any out of pocket payments for qualified tuition and related expenses, Ramapo College will make this information available to you each year by February. It is up to the taxpayer or his or her tax advisor to determine if the amounts paid will make the taxpayer eligible to claim one or more credits in any tax year. This includes payments made at all schools attended by all eligible family members.
What about payments made with student loans?
Payments paid with proceeds from student loans are considered the same as cash payments and will count as “out of pocket” payments for qualified tuition and related expenses. If you paid for a portion of your qualified expenses using scholarships or grants, those are not considered “out of pocket” payments.
If the information supplied by Ramapo College indicated that I paid a certain amount in tuition and fees, does that mean I can claim that amount for a tax credit?
Not necessarily. It is very important that taxpayers first obtain advice from a qualified tax advisor. There may be some circumstances that could affect an individual’s eligibility to claim an educational tax credit, such as:
- the student may have received nontaxable grants or scholarships of which the college has no knowledge;
- the taxpayer may be required to pay an alternative minimum tax, or other special circumstances that could make the taxpayer ineligible (e.g., we will not know if the student/taxpayer earns too little or too much to be eligible, may not know of a relevant felony drug conviction, may not know if the student has already exceeded the “first two years of post-secondary education,” or if the student attended other eligible institutions).
Do I have to do anything now?
You must keep the college’s Registrar’s Office informed of your correct name, social security number and address for tax reporting purposes. If you move or change your name between now and next February, you must keep the school apprised of your new name or address.
In future years, you may be required to provide additional information, such as the name, address, and social security number of the person eligible to claim you each year as tax dependent. When the time comes, Ramapo College will provide a form so that the taxpayer can let the College know the relevant information for tax reporting purposes.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Payment of “qualified tuition and related expenses” is only one of several criteria considered when determining eligibility for either tax credit.
What is Form 1098-T?
The College is required to furnish Form 1098-T to all students that incurred qualified tuition and related expenses during the current tax year. This information will help alert the student, or the person that claims the student, that there is a possibility of being eligible to claim the Hope Scholarship or Lifetime Learning Tax Credit.
Box 2 shows the total amounts billed for qualified tuition and related expenses less any reductions in charges. Qualifying expenses at Ramapo College include tuition, tuition related fees, and course fees. Non qualifying expenses are the parking permit fee, insurance fee, miscellaneous charges, such as parking and room damage fines, and room and board charges.
Box 5 shows the total of all scholarships or grants administered and processed. These amounts include federal and state grants such as Pell, SEOG, TAG as well as college tuition waivers. The amount of scholarships or grants may reduce the amount of any allowable tuition and fees deduction or education credit you may claim for the year.
Box 8 shows whether the student is considered to be carrying at least one-half the normal full-time workload for a course of study at the college. If the student is at least half-time within the first two years of post-secondary education, than one of the requirements of the Hope Scholarship is met.
Box 9 shows whether the student is considered to be enrolled exclusively in a program leading to graduate-level certificate or degree. Students enrolled exclusively in a graduate program only may qualify for the lifetime learning credit.
This tax information about enrollment is being furnished to the Internal Revenue Service. Please be aware, however, that the College is not responsible to determine a student’s eligibility or to calculate any education credit that may be claimed.
IRS Publication 970 explains qualifying tuition and fees, and payments. To receive the HOPE Credit or Lifetime Learning Credit, you must account for and document the amount you have paid for tuition and expenses on IRS Form 8863 and file with your federal tax return. You do not file Form 1098-T with your tax return.
How can I obtain additional information from the IRS?
- IRS Tax Benefits for Education
- IRS Taxpayer Advice by Telephone: 1-800-829-1040, Monday through Friday, 07:30AM – 05:30PM (hours in Alaska and Hawaii may vary).
Starting in January 2010, the Bursar’s Office, in an effort to “Go-Green”, will be reducing the printing and mailing of 1098-T tax returns. On or before January 31, 2010, you can access your 1098-T Form online through Ramapo College Self Service. The 1098-T Form can be printed if necessary. For instructions to access your 1098-T, click here.
If you cannot access the form online, or if you would like a hard copy of the 1098-T tax return mailed to your permanent address, e-mail your request to firstname.lastname@example.org or call 201-684-7495.
This material has not been approved by the IRS or the U.S. Treasury and is not an official document. It is offered as a service to Ramapo College students and families to assist them in understanding the new higher education tax credits. The information offered here is not tax advice. This material has not been reviewed or approved by an attorney does it necessarily represent official policy of Ramapo College.
How to view your 1098-T Form and Supplemental Information online:
- Log on to my.ramapo.edu
- Click on Web Self-Service button in the middle of the left column
- Click on Administrative Services link on the top center of the page
- Enter your Ramapo Email User Name and Ramapo Email Password then click on Login button
- Click on Student & Financial Aid
- Click on Student Account
- Click on Select Tax Year
- Enter a Tax Year then click on Submit button
- Click on Tax Notification: Form 1098-T and Supplemental Information
- Review your Form 1098-T and Supplemental Information and print for reference